Definition of the profession of Interior Designer

Definition of interior architecture

Before defining what an interior designer is it is good to understand what is interior design.

Interior architecture is the counterpart of traditional architecture. It completes what the DPLG architect realized by designing the building envelope artistically.

She designs the architecture and layout of the space at the level of everyday life taking into account the habits, culture and needs of men in their everyday lives.

She leads the architecture to its end, in the usual detail, modifies and organizes spaces, uses light as an artistic and decorative object, plays with colors to create atmospheres (Zen, contemporary, design, traditional, baroque etc … ) uses the furniture, decorative objects to complete the creation. This set of manipulation allows to imagine comfortable spaces, ergonomic and personalized according to the owner.

Interior architecture is mainly associated with private spaces, but it is much larger than that. It is present in a professional environment with interior fittings of shops and boutiques, restaurants and breweries, offices etc …

Positioned in an artistic and creative perspective, this specialty remains a very strict practice where rigor must be applied. The progress of the design to the completion of the projects is guided by the same operating path that must be respected.

Definition of the profession of interior designer


The interior designer is responsible for the volume of spaces and rooms, he interprets these volumes and arranges them according to the needs of the sponsors. Its role is also to rehabilitate sites and change their destination.

He is a master in the manipulation of colors and must have a keen eye on the use of furniture.

He works with light, plays with it to create the desired moods.

He imagines the layout of a house, offices, shops, hotels, restaurants … He determines the location of the furniture, which he draws and imagines very often, he chooses the materials, the colors, their location, the materials and everything that will make a unique, personalized, beautiful and comfortable interior.

What an interior designer does

custom manufacturing is part of the job of interior designer

His role is often to treat sheep on all fours, he will be a great help to find tips and ideas where an uninitiated person would be unable. He treats ambiguous spaces, optimizes recesses in storage for example, brings his technical knowledge, graphics and aesthetics, uses constraints to make them assets.

To help him in his task, the interior designer can be accompanied by another body of state near or far as: the space designer, the interior designer, the architect DPLG, the offices of study, engineers, craftsmen, artists …

He uses the drawing as a means of expression and implements it through sketches and sketches, realizes his 2D plans on complex and specialized software that they are from the family of BIM or CAD. These highly sophisticated software packages allow the modeling of the project as a whole and require great computer, technical and visual knowledge. They assist the designer in his task and can take care of all technical constraints from the design phase, to avoid problems during the project implementation phase.

How an interior designer works

The work of 3D by the interior designer

We are seeing more and more the use of 3D renderings, panoramic renderings (I visit 3D software for example) or 4D video which allow to reveal to customers their future projects, to move and to orient the images of their future project.

The profession of interior designer, whether an interior designer based in Toulon, Paris, New York or anywhere in the world will always ask to know how to navigate between the field (construction site, design offices, suppliers ) and the office or agency in which he practices and creates. Interior architecture is more than a job, it’s a passion, it requires a very important personal investment and every moment. It is up to the interior designer to keep up to date with the latest news and trends by going to salons such as Bâtimat, house and objects and much more. This passion must be ubiquitous and opportunities to learn are everywhere, it requires being curious, observing and seeking to understand how existing achievements have been thought, imagined and realized.

The qualities of thoroughness and rigor are just as important as knowing how to draw and make plans.

Why use an interior designer

the layout of a restaurant by an interior designer

The role of the interior designer also consists of describing the project from all angles through site plans, detailed plans, sections, elevations, axonometric views and a detailed description of the project. These documents are intended to be used by craftsmen and companies that will intervene in the project’s achievements, whether for a restaurant layout , an apartment renovation or the realization of an ephemeral stand or any other project.

The interior designer intervenes on all types of space ranging from small areas of 15m² up to spaces of 1000m² and more if necessary. He designs and realizes the interior set of a volume. He is the right hand of the sponsor and assists and advises him throughout the design and implementation of the project.

The role of the interior designer is also financial, he must by his knowledge and status be able to benefit from prices and professional discounts to the sponsor, he will negotiate for his client the best purchase price to reduce the cost of its budget.

Applying to an interior designer is therefore an investment that is profitable fairly quickly in terms of time (time of completion of work optimized through the organization set up, the reflection made upstream on the progress of work , the preparation of the plans to describe the project and the anticipation of the possible unforeseen), that in terms of the final rendering (made available to all of an architectural know-how and artistic knowledge and design to obtain a rendering unique), and essentially financial (professional discount that the interior designer enjoys and that it benefits his client, bargaining with companies by his position force, prices adapted to the budget through solutions really adapted without superfluous ).

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